It comes as no surprise that the majority of Filipinos still rate themselves as poor or borderline poor. Well, the second quarter poll of the Social Weather Stations (SWS) proves it, with 48% of Filipinos rating themselves as poor or mahirap. This equates to about 12 million Pinoys, as per GMA News Online.
This is slightly lower than the 49% recorded in the first quarter of the year, yet still above the average of 49% recorded in the previous year. The survey further explained that 1.8 million of the families were “newly poor,” 1.0 million were “usually poor,” and 9.1 million were “always poor.”
29% of the survey’s respondents identified themselves as ‘borderline poor.’ A total of 23% of the respondents categorized themselves as not ‘not poor,’ which is a steady climb from the 17% result of the previous quarter.
“The movement of the Self-Rated Poor is compatible with the series of official poverty incidence rates. Still, it is both more up-to-date and revealing of the volatility of poverty during intermediate points of time,” the SWS said in an accompanying statement.
To put things into perspective, most of those who reside in the Visayas region identify themselves as poor (70%), while 51% of those living in Mindanao call themselves poor. Metro Manila reported a 43% percentage of identifying as poor, while the rest of Luzon recorded 38% as self-poor.
What does it mean to be poor according to the survey anyway? Basically, the Self-Rated Poverty (SRP) threshold for a family to identify themselves as ‘not poor’ is P15,000. The survey was conducted from June 23 to 36, using face-to-face interviews of 1,200 adults nationwide. This includes 300 each in Metro Manila, Balance Luzon, the Visayas, and Mindanao.
Given the rise of costs and the job insecurity that comes alongside pandemic restrictions, it’s unsurprising but unfortunate that a lot of Filipinos find it difficult to make ends meet.